Every state has its own unique perks as well as its challenges. Unfortunately, water quality problems are something that most states face.
Several stand out as having particularly troublesome water systems, often exposing hundreds of thousands of citizens to polluted drinking water. Three of the most affected states include California, Texas and Florida. Consumers can make healthy choices for themselves by investing in water filtration systems that remove toxins before they enter their home, or at the faucet or tap.
California is the most populous state in the nation, and is also home to the most profitable produce-growing region in the U.S. Despite these two qualities, California faces many water quality issues. Droughts that last for several consecutive years plague the region and continue to deplete water resources. Much of the state relies primarily on groundwater, and some regions are entirely dependent on groundwater resources, according to a report from The Water Council.
Some of the biggest water quality challenges The Golden State faces include contamination caused by agriculture and saltwater intrusion, and these affect a large portion of the state. According to the Sacramento Bee, 360,000 Californians are served by water systems that have high levels of arsenic, nitrates, uranium and other pollutants. Going back to 2012, 6 million or more people have been served unsafe drinking water.
The Lone Star State is home to many great things, but its drinking water, unfortunately, isn't one of them. Illegal levels of radiation, arsenic and lead were discovered in multiple recent studies, the Texas Tribune reported. The majority affected rural areas serving several hundred citizens or fewer.
Currently, about 60 percent of Texas' water supply is sourced from groundwater, which opens it up to contaminants from oil fields and saltwater. The outlook for the future of Texas' water supply isn't positive. By 2060, the state is expected to lose 32 percent of its groundwater supplies, and in some parts, this proportion will increase to 50 percent. Meanwhile, demand for municipal water is expected to double in that same timeframe.
In addition to the high levels of toxins, The Water Council's report found that the Texas Water Development Board only gathers data on only about one-quarter of EPA regulated chemicals. The state may benefit greatly from advancing its water testing capabilities.
Florida is lucky enough to have more than 53 inches of annual rainfall, on average, but the Southern heat causes 70 percent of that to evaporate. Further, more than half of Florida rain falls north of Orlando, while 78 percent of the state's population lives south of it, according to The Water Council's report. As such, 90 percent of the state's drinking water is sourced from groundwater.
Some of the largest issues Florida faces regarding drinking water quality are related to saltwater. Saltwater intrusion into South Florida's Biscayne Aquifer, the primary source for drinking water in the region, has reduced freshwater availability by 17 percent since 1985, according to Todd A. Crowl, professor of biology, and Rita A. Teutonico, associate dean at the Florida International University College of Arts, Sciences and Education, in a column published in South Florida Sun Sentinel.
After Puerto Rico and Texas, Florida exposed the largest portion of citizens in the country to violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act in 2015, according to a report from The Natural Defense Council. The top violations for all states included:
California, Texas and Florida each have their fair share of water quality issues, but these problems aren't limited to these three states. Citizens across the U.S. have faced water quality issues that impact their health and homes.
Remedying these problems would require multifaceted plans that include improved testing, updated infrastructure and careful planning. However, citizens can take matters into their own hands as well. By investing in water filtration systems, consumers can feel more confident that the water they cook, clean and bathe with is safe to consume.
Offering financing plans can help your customers make healthy decisions for their families. Reach out to Aqua Finance to learn more about how to offer financing opportunities for people hoping to install a water filtration system in their home.